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Radiation Explorer in the Far InfraRed - Prototype for Applications and Developments

REFIR-PAD campaign FTS Laboratory Photo gallery

REFIR Project
Field campaigns


  • G. Di Natale, Palchetti, L., Bianchini, G., and Del Guasta, M.: Simultaneous retrieval of water vapour, temperature, and cirrus clouds properties from measurements of far infrared spectral radiance over the Antarctic Plateau, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., doi:10.5194/amt-2016-181, to press in AMT 2017. Analysed data set.
  • L. Palchetti, G. Di Natale, and G. Bianchini (2016): Remote sensing of cirrus cloud microphysical properties using spectral measurements over the full range of their thermal emission, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 10,804–10,819, doi:10.1002/2016JD025162.
  • R. Rizzi, C. Arosio, T. Maestri, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, and M. Del Guasta (2016): One year of downwelling spectral radiance measurements from 100 to 1400 cm-1 at Dome Concordia: Results in clear conditions, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 10,937–10,953, doi:10.1002/2016JD025341.
  • L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, G. Di Natale, and M. Del Guasta, 2015: Far infrared radiative properties of water vapor and clouds in Antarctica. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 1505–1518, doi:
  • G. Liuzzi, G. Masiello, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, and G. Bianchini, "Validation of H2O continuum absorption models in the wave number range 180-600 cm-1 with atmospheric emitted spectral radiance measured at the Antarctica Dome-C site," Opt. Express 22, 16784-16801 (2014).
  • Tiziano Maestri; Rolando Rizzi; Ennio Tosi; Paolo Veglio; Luca Palchetti; Giovanni Bianchini; Paolo Di Girolamo; Guido Masiello; Carmine Serio; Donato Summa, Analysis of cirrus cloud spectral signatures in the Far InfraRed, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 141 (2014) 49–64
  • Masiello, G., Serio, C., Esposito, F. & Palchetti, L. (2012) Validation of line and continuum spectroscopic parameters with measurements of atmospheric emitted spectral radiance from far to mid infrared wave number range. IN JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY RADIATIVE TRANSFER, 113. 1286 1299, 2012
  • Turner, D. D., E. J. Mlawer, G. Bianchini, M. P. Cadeddu, S. Crewell, J. S. Delamere, R. O. Knuteson, G. Maschwitz, M. Mlynzcak, S. Paine, L. Palchetti, D. C. Tobin (2012), Ground-based high spectral resolution observations of the entire terrestrial spectrum under extremely dry conditions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L10801, doi:10.1029/2012GL051542. 2012.
  • Bianchini, Giovanni and Palchetti, Luca and Muscari, Giovanni and Fiorucci, Irene and Di Girolamo, Paolo and Di Iorio, Tatiana, Water vapor sounding with the far infrared REFIR‐PAD spectroradiometer from a high‐altitude ground‐based station during the ECOWAR campaign, J. Geophys. Res. 116, D02310, doi = 10.1029/2010JD014530. 2011.
  • Bianchini G., Palchetti L., Carli B, Vectorial combination of signals in Fourier transform spectroscopy, Infr. Phys. & Tech 52 (1), 19-21, 2009.
  • I. Fiorucci, G. Muscari, C. Bianchi, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, G. Grieco, D. Summa, G. Bianchini, L. Palchetti, M. Cacciani, T. Di Iorio, G. Pavese, D. Cimini, L. de Zarfa, Measurements of low amounts of precipitable water vapor by millimeter wave spectroscopy: An intercomparison with radiosonde, Raman lidar, and Fourier transform infrared data. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, 113, D14314, 2008, doi:10.1029/2008JD009831
  • Harries J., B. Carli,R. Rizzi, C. Serio, M. Mlynczak, L. Palchetti, T. Maestri, H. Brindley, and G. Masiello, The Far Infrared Earth, Reviews of Geophysics, 46, RG4004, 2008.
  • C. Serio, G. Masiello, F. Esposito, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, G. Muscari, G. Pavese, R. Rizzi, B. Carli, and V. Cuomo, "Retrieval of foreign-broadened water vapor continuum coefficients from emitted spectral radiance in the H2O rotational band from 240 to 590 cm-1," Opt. Express 16, 15816-15833 (2008).
  • Bianchini G., B.Carli, U.Cortesi, S.Del Bianco, M.Gai, L.Palchetti, Test of far infrared atmospheric spectroscopy using wide-band balloon borne measurements of the upwelling radiance, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Rad. 109(6), pp. 1030-1042, 2008 doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2007.11.010.
  • Bhawar, R., G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. Carlotti, F. Castagnoli, V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuà, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi (2008), Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207, 23 February 2008
  • L.Palchetti, G.Bianchini, F.Castagnoli, Design and characterisation of black-body sources for infrared wide-band Fourier transform spectroscopy, Infrar. Phys. & Tech. 51, pp. 207-215, 2008, doi:10.1016/j.infrared.2007.06.001.
  • Bianchini G. and L.Palchetti, Technical Note: REFIR-PAD level 1 data processing algorithm, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 3817-3826, 2008.
  • Palchetti L., G.Bianchini, B.Carli, U.Cortesi, S.Del Bianco, Measurement of the water vapour vertical profile and of the Earth's outgoing far infrared flux, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2885-2894, 2008.
  • F.Esposito, G.Grieco, L.Leone, R.Restieri, C.Serio, L. Palchetti, G.Bianchini, M.Pellegrini, V.Cuomo, G.Masiello, G.Pavese, REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Rad., 103, 524-535, 2007.
  • L.Palchetti, C.Belotti, G.Bianchini, F.Castagnoli, B.Carli, U.Cortesi, M.Pellegrini, C.Camy-Peyret, P.Jeseck, and Y.Té, Technical note: First spectral measurement of the Earth s upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, pp.5025-5030, 2006.
  • G.Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, M. Pellegrini,and L.Palchetti, Frictionless mirror drive for intermediate resolution infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, Infr. Phys. Tech. 48/3, pp. 217-222, Aug 2006.
  • G.Bianchini, A.Boscaleri, B. Carli, F.Mencaraglia, L.Palchetti, E.Pascale, Infrared Balloon Experiment: improved instrumental configuration and assessment of instrument performances, Appl. Opt. 45/5, pp. 1041-1051, 10 Feb. 2006.
  • L. Palchetti. G.Bianchini, F.Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F.Esposito, V.Cuomo, R.Rizzi, T. Maestri, Breadboard of the Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared (REFIR) atmospheric mission, Applied Optics, Vol.44, No.14, pp.2870-2878, 2005.
  • G.Bianchini, U.Cortesi, L.Palchetti, Emission Fourier transform spectroscopy for the remote sensing of the atmosphere, Optics and Laser in Engineering 37, pp. 187-202, 2002.
  • L.Palchetti, G.Bianchini, U.Cortesi, E.Pascale, and C.Lee, Assessment of detector nonlinearity in Fourier transform spectroscopy, Applied Spectroscopy 56, 2, Febr 2002.
  • L.Palchetti and D.Lastrucci, Spectral noise due to sampling error in Fourier transform spectroscopy, Applied Optics Vol 40, No. 19, pp. 3235-3243, 2001.
  • B.Carli, L.Palchetti, P.Raspollini, Effect of beam splitter emission in Fourier-transform spectroscopy, Applied Optics Vol. 38, No. 36, 20 December 1999.
  • L.Palchetti, A.Barbis, J.E.Harries, D.Lastrucci, Design and mathematical modelling of the space-borne far-infrared Fourier transform spectrometer for REFIR experiment, Infrared Physics & Technology Vol. 40, pp. 367-377, 1999.
  • B.Carli, A.Barbis, J.E.Harries, L.Palchetti, Design of an efficient broadband far infrared Fourier-transform spectrometer, Applied Optics Vol. 38, No. 18, pp. 3945-3950, 20 June 1999.
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